Usually when a person has their skin cut, they will bleed until it stops. Blood clots to stop the bleeding and ensure that as much of this precious liquid remains inside the body. This is the basics of natural blood clotting. Blood clotting also functions internally as well. It stops injuries within the body from causing internal bleeding. People who are not able to do this often suffer from internal injuries around the joints.
Unfortunately for many people, their blood doesn’t clot how it should. These people suffer from easy bruising and excess bleeding. Clotting diseases can be very dangerous for the people who suffer from them. Without treatment, it’s very easy to suffer from internal injuries that require surgery, or can’t be recovered from. Clotting diseases can be complicated and the treatment for them more so. The following are common questions people have about blood clots and blood clotting.
1: Which diseases affect bleeding?
A: There are several different diseases which can affect the ability to bleed and blood clotting. Arguably the most known is haemophilia A and haemophilia B. However, in addition to the different versions of haemophilia (hemophilia spelling is also used), there are others which can affect blood clotting. Idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura is another immune disorder which ensures that the blood will not clot as it should.
2: What are platelets and how do they affect my blood clotting?
A: Platelets are one of the most important aspects in blood. Often forgotten after the red and white blood cells, platelets are also produced in the bone marrow. Platelets are what clump together in order to seal up the smaller tears in a person’s tissue and blood vessels. People who have very low platelet levels will find they bleed excessively. Internal bleeding is also common.
3: How Can I Tell if I have Hemophilia?
A: There are many symptoms one might expect if they get hemophilia. It’s important to note that this is a genetic disorder. People with mild cases may not see symptoms unless they undergo major surgery. Typically they involve bleeding excessively after any sort of injury or having some dental work done. If you get many bruises when you would not expect to, or suffer from unexpected blood in stool or urine, it’s possible hemophilia may be involved. Others suffer from unexpected nosebleeds or swollen and painful joints. If an infant is unexpectedly irritable and no cause can be discovered, it’s possibly Hemophilia.
4: How Dangerous Are Blood Clotting Diseases?
A: The quick answer to this question is, very dangerous. People who suffer from severe hemophilia for example can suffer from internal bleeding in the brain if they hit their head. This is life threatening and can cause brain damage or death. Internal bleeding in muscles can cause a person’s limbs to swell and become numb or suffer from incredible pain. Joints near internal bleeding can be put under extreme stress and pressure. Arthritis is common in these cases, as is complete damage to the joint. People often need to have blood transfusions when they are a hemophiliac. The immune system doesn’t always appreciate this blood and can have negative effects at times.
5: How Are Clotting Diseases Treated?
A: Typically, clotting diseases are going to be treated by medication. Doctors will look at the specifics of the disease and diagnose a round of medicinal treatment which matches. This can mean taking drugs by pill, or sometimes through an IV. Severe cases may require surgery or blood transfusions to ensure that platelet and blood levels remain at an acceptable level. It’s also possible that lifestyle changes can help. Good dental health means no need to pull a tooth and risk bleeding. Regular exercise in non contact scenarios helps build up muscles to protect joints. Staying away from potential medications that might thin the blood further is a must!