An easy to get lung condition is nontuberculous mycobacterial lung disease, or NTM lung disease for short. This infection is caused by bacteria that is located almost everywhere! It’s most commonly found in water and soil. Specifically turned soil or water that tends to be sitting for large periods of time.
Almost everyone has to deal with NTM bacteria on a daily basis. The difference is that some people get an infection from it, while almost everyone else doesn’t. People who suffer from lung conditions may find themselves dealing with NTM infections. Many people are at a much higher risk of getting NTM lung disease than others. This article contains information about the risk factors, symptoms and treatment of NTM lung disease.
There are a variety of risk factors that come into play when contemplating NTM lung disease. Since everyone comes into contact with the bacteria so often, then why are some people getting infections while others are not? The exact reasons aren’t known, but there are risk factors which have been shown to increase the chance of infections. They include:
There are several symptoms that break down into two different groupings. The first type of symptoms are respiratory symptoms. These obviously affect the lungs in question. Many people suffer from a cough that refuses to go away over time. In addition, others cough up blood. Finally, some people feel a shortness of breath.
There are also other symptoms that can occur when someone has an NTM lung infection. Some people feel fatigued consistently. A consistent low-grade fever is very possible, as is unexpected weight loss. Some people suffer from night sweats.
Treatment for NTM lung disease is a long process. If only a single antibiotic is used, then it’s likely to run into severe resistance from the infection. Typically, in order to beat NTM lung disease, it requires multiple antibiotics working in tandem. Two to three is pretty common. In addition, these are not short term treatments. Antibiotics are typically taken for an entire year to ensure that NTM lung disease is fully handled.
In some severe cases, there’s a surgical option as well. After consulting with surgeons and specialists, some people may need to have the most damaged portion of their lung surgically removed. It’s a serious surgery and shouldn’t be undertaken lightly.